Dementia

Dementia is a chronic or persistent disorder of the mental ability process caused by brain diseases or injuries marked due to personality changes, memory disorders and impaired reasoning. Dementia is not a specific disease. It's a group of symptoms related with a decline in memory or other thinking ability skills enough to reduce a person's ability activities. Various kinds of dementia are associated with particular types of brain cell damage in particular regions of the brain.

Dementia is often incorrectly referred to as "senility" or "senile dementia," which reflects the formerly widespread but incorrect belief that serious mental decline is a normal part of aging.

Dementia is a syndrome – usually of a chronic or progressive nature – in which there is deterioration in cognitive function (i.e. the ability to process thought) beyond what might be expected from normal ageing. It affects memory, thinking, orientation, comprehension, calculation, learning capacity, language, and judgement. Consciousness is not affected. The impairment in cognitive function is commonly accompanied, and occasionally preceded, by deterioration in emotional control, social behaviour, or motivation.

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